Germany - Research and Innovation

Science and innovation in Germany are characterized by a multi-faceted infrastructure, which covers a wide range of subjects, well-equipped research facilities and excellent researchers. In Germany there are different centers for the development of innovative projects, such as universities, research institutes, universities of applied sciences, businesses and federal agencies.

In total there are approximately 800 public research institutions in Germany, as well as development centers coordinated by companies. In some of the country's regions, industrial and academic organizations develop their activities in networks and clusters, to promote a faster transfer of knowledge and technology and to develop solutions, as well as products and services of interest to society.

Universities and other higher education institutions offer a broad range of activities, including basic and applied research and development. About 32% of researchers work with mathematics and natural sciences; 29% with humanities and social sciences; 22% with engineering; 15% with medicine and 3% with agricultural sciences.

About two-thirds of the more than 90,000 researchers are involved in projects at universities. In addition, there are approximately 17,000 doctoral students and more than 12,000 scientists conducting research in academic medical institutions.

Germany has bilateral and multilateral partnerships for scientific cooperation with over 50 countries. Just with Brazil, almost 545 partnerships with higher education institutions are underway. In addition to research, Germany is also known worldwide for the development of innovative projects. According to the European Union, in 2013 the European Patent Office registered 13,086 patents that originated in Germany, which put the country in second place in the international ranking.

Germany also has large financial incentives for science and technology. Two-thirds of the support for research originates with private companies, while a third represents public funds. In the European Union, the country is number three of those that most invest in innovation, trailing only Sweden and Denmark.

Since the invention of the printing press by Johannes Gutenberg in 1440, the "Made in Germany" success story continues. For centuries, German innovations have significantly shaped the world, promoting scientific, cultural and economic progress in diverse forms.